"A high quality mathematics education provides a foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty of the power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject." (The National Curriculum 2014)
The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum (Nursery/Reception) and the Key Stage 1 National Curriculum (Year 1/Year 2) provides us with a basis of the knowledge, skills and techniques that our children will learn throughout their time at St Chad's.
Maths is an important part of learning for all children in the early years and receiving a good grounding in maths is an essential life skill. Introducing maths to children from an early age helps to develop their understanding of all elements of problem solving and reasoning in a broad range of contexts.
Maths in the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum comes under two strands:
- Numbers: Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
- Shape, Space and Measures: Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.
As with all other areas of learning, the teaching and learning of mathematics in our Nursery and Reception classes takes place both indoors and outdoors through a wide range of practical and "hands on" activities.
Staff use their knowledge and expertise to plan for a high quality learning environment which provides children with lots of opportunities to explore different aspects of number and shape, space and measures and learn new concepts. The children have a wide range of structured play resources available to them throughout the year - this is known as "continuous provision". For example, children may learn about capacity through their water play, both indoors and outdoors. In addition to the opportunities for child initiated play indoors and outdoors, staff plan adult led activities for groups of children and individuals based on their observations of what children know and can do. They plan activities to address any misconceptions that have arisen and to introduce new concepts.
The principal focus of maths teaching in Key Stage 1 is to ensure that children develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This involves working with numerals, words and the four operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division), with practical resources.
At this stage, children develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching also involves using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.
Across Key Stage 1, children are taught to:
- become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice.
- reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument.
- can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication.
At St Chad's, we strive to make maths fun, engaging and interesting for all children. We follow White Rose Maths as a scheme of learning which provides opportunities for the children to be come fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, to reason mathematically in a range of situations and to develop skills in problem solving. In every maths lesson our children have the opportunity to develop their fluency, problem solving and reasoning skills. We do this through the concrete, pictorial and abstract approach. This means our children get to see and do the maths using concrete resources. They then move onto doing this through pictures and drawings. When they are confident they move onto more abstract work.
Further information on White Rose Maths can be found here.
Please see below for our Schemes of Learning (organised by Year Group).
- Nursery: In the Moment provision
- Reception: 20 minutes discrete maths teaching daily and In the Moment provision
- Year 1 and Year 2: 45 minutes maths teaching daily and 20 minutes 'Phonics of Maths' teaching daily (timetabled as two separate sessions)
We use Numicon as a concrete resource to teach number and place value. Numicon helps children to visualise numbers. The different coloured Numicon shapes represent different numbers. Numicon is multi-sensory. Children can touch as well as see the numbers. From this visual picture they are able to see how we can add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers and the relationships between them. Numicon allows our children to ‘see’ number; make connections; see patterns; and show what they are explaining giving children a deeper understanding of number. Numicon can be found in areas of provision for children to access independently and are available in every classroom throughout school.
Phonics of Maths
All children at St Chad’s take part a fifteen minute ‘mental maths’ session daily. At St Chad’s we recognise the importance of quick maths and aim for all of our children to become fluent mathematicians. During this time, they count, ask questions, answer questions and look for patterns.
All classes also do their ‘Rolling Numbers’ which are the time tables for their specific year group.
Reception: - 10x
Year 1 and Year 2: - 2x 5x and 10x
Year 2: -2x 3x 5x and 10x
Key Instant Recall Facts (KIRFs)
Mental mathematics is a key skill children need to develop to be fluent in the fundamentals of maths. KIRFs support the development of the arithmetic skills that underpin much of the maths work in our school. They help to develop children's fluency in mathematics and allow them to recall the facts for their year group instantly. Developing these skills allow children to access all areas of the Maths curriculum with confidence.
Every half term your child will be sent home with a brand new KIRF that they need to learn. You will receive a postcard that consists of the key vocabulary and activity ideas. Children need to practise their KIRF at least three times a week at home. They will also be practising them daily in maths lessons. We really appreciate your support!
Your child's year group KIRFs can be found below.
- Practising their KIRF with them every week.
- Keeping up-to-date with their current learning and talk to them about this.