The National Curriculum

 The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the 4 operations, with practical resources.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognize, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.

The National Curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all children:

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice.
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument.
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication.


Maths Lessons
  • Nursery: In the Moment provision
  • Reception: 20 minutes discrete maths teaching daily and In the Moment provision
  • Year 1 and Year 2: 45 minutes maths teaching daily and 20 minutes 'Phonics of Maths' teaching daily (timetabled as two separate sessions)


 We use Numicon as a concrete resource to teach number and place value.

Numicon helps children to visualise numbers. The different coloured Numicon shapes represent different numbers. Numicon is multi-sensory. Children can touch as well as see the numbers.

From this visual picture they are able to see how we can add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers and the relationships between them. Numicon allows our children to ‘see’ number; make connections; see patterns; and show what they are explaining giving children a deeper understanding of number.

White Rose

At St Chad’s we are following ‘White Rose Small Steps’.

This ensures our children spend a longer period of time on a strand of maths, in order for them to deepen their mathematical understanding.

In every maths lesson our children have the opportunity to develop their fluency, problem solving and reasoning skills. We do this through the concrete, pictorial and abstract approach. This means our children get to see and do the maths using concrete resources. They then move onto doing this through pictures and drawings. When they are confident they move onto more abstract work.

Please see below for our Schemes of Learning (organised by Year Group).

In order to improve our children’s reasoning skills we ensure they are challenged through our question stems that all staff use. These question stems are below for you to see.

Phonics of Maths

All children at St Chad’s take part a fifteen minute ‘mental maths’ session daily. At St Chad’s we recognise the importance of quick maths and aim for all of our children to become fluent mathematicians. During this time, they count, ask questions, answer questions and look for patterns.

All classes also do their ‘Rolling Numbers’ which are the time tables for their specific year group.

Reception: - 10x

Year 1 and Year 2: - 2x 5x and 10x

Year 2: -2x 3x 5x and 10x

Key Instant Recall Facts (KIRFs)

KIRFs support the development of the arithmetic skills that underpin much of the maths work in our school. They help to develop children's fluency in mathematics and allow them to recall the facts for their year group instantly.

Developing these skills allow children to access all areas of the Maths curriculum with confidence.

Every half term your child will be sent home with a brand new KIRF that they need to learn. You will receive a postcard that consists of the key vocabulary and activity ideas. An example of what these will look like is below.


Children need to practise their KIRF at least three times a week at home. They will also be practising them daily in maths lessons. We really appreciate your support!

How can you help your child at home?
-Practise their KIRF with them every week.
-Keep up to date with their current learning and talk to them about this.
Websites you can use: